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Colorful Bubbles

Exercise and Diet

Colorful Bubbles

Rabbits need exercise daily to promote mental and physical health.  They also need access to hay, either timothy or orchard grass, water, fresh vegetables and pellets. 

Give your rabbit as much exercise as you can. Try to let them out of their enclosure for at least an hour each day. Their play area must be bunny-proofed so your rabbit can be allowed free run of the area. Exercise is so important because your rabbit is less likely to be depressed or to become frustrated. Rabbits can easily become frustrated if confined to their pens, resulting in behavior that can be mistaken for being aggressive. Providing daily exercise also reduces the likelihood of your rabbit becoming overweight or suffering from muscle atrophy. Exercise also helps rabbits maintain a healthy GI tract.

Adult rabbits should be given unlimited timothy hay; this should make up at least 70% of their diet. Pellets should make up a small part (less than 20%) of their diet. We recommend Oxbow Essentials Adult Rabbit Food. Fresh, rabbit-safe greens should make up approximately 8% of their diet, and the remaining 2% can be treats.

Rabbits under six months should have unlimited alfalfa hay, unlimited alfalfa pellets.  Between the ages of 4 and six months they can have a small amount of fresh veggies and no more than a baby carrot sized treat per day.

Avoid feeding your adult rabbit alfalfa and kale, as these are high in calcium and can lead to bladder sludge. A list of other foods to avoid is provided below. This list is not exhaustive and you should ask your rabbit-savvy veterinarian if you have questions about the safety of a food. If a food causes loose or mush stools in  your rabbit, it should be removed from their diet immediately, even if it's listed as "safe".

Rabbit Safe Vegetables

  • Arugula

  • Basil

  • Bok Choy

  • Cilantro

  • Collard Greens

  • Dandelion Greens

  • Endive

  • Kale (use sparingly)

  • Mint

  • Mustard Greens

  • Parsley

  • Red/Green Leaf Lettuce

  • Romaine Lettuce

  • Wheat Grass

Rabbit Safe Fruit/Veggie Treats

  • Apple (no seeds)

  • Banana

  • Carrot

  • Grape

  • Mango

  • Peach

  • Pear

  • Pineapple

  • Raisin

  • Raspberry

Rabbit Danger Foods

  • Avocado

  • Bamboo Shoots

  • Beans (raw or dried)

  • Bracken Fern

  • Cabbage

  • Cassava

  • Chocolate

  • Coffee Beans and Plant

  • Corn (any form)

  • Dog/Cat food

  • Grains

  • Honey/Seed Sticks

  • House Plants

  • Iceberg Lettuce

  • Meat

  • Millet

  • Nuts

  • Onions

  • Dried Peas

  • Potatoes (including peel)

  • Rhubarb

  • Sweet Peas

  • Sweet Potatoes

  • Tea Leaves

  • Seeds

  • Yoghurt Drops

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